A good return
for a better pension

Precisely-tailored securities concepts with a balance of stability and return – Deka Investments’ fund products help to future-proof your pension planning.
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Asset management
with skill and flair

If you are looking to protect and accumulate wealth and to structure it to suit your individual needs and goals, Deka and the savings banks are your ideal partners.
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Save wisely,
achieve more

Regular savers and anyone wishing to invest a one-off amount will soon realise that you don’t get very far with forms of savings which pay hardly any interest. Deka’s savings and wealth concepts provide an alternative solution.
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Seize opportunities,
manage risk
and shape the future

A blinkered mindset never leads to the right solution – and this also applies to investments. Deka and the savings banks continually enhance and update their range of products and services.
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Annual Report 2015

PDF of the full
Annual Report 2015


associated companies
and committees


and addresses



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Additional Tier 1 bond (AT1 bond)

Non-cumulative, fixed-interest bearer bond issued by DekaBank as Additional Tier 1 capital with subsequent adjustment of its interest rate and an unlimited term. If the Common Equity Tier 1 capital ratio falls below a set minimum, the nominal and redemption values of the bearer bond may be reduced in specific circumstances.

Advisory/management mandate

External fund which is managed by a capital management company (Kapitalverwaltungsgesellschaft – KVG) of the Deka Group. For advisory mandates, the KVG acts only as an adviser, i.e. the external management company must verify compliance with investment restrictions in advance. For management mandates, however, investment decisions are made, verified and implemented by the KVG of the Deka Group.

Core business

Deka Group’s core business comprises launching and managing securities and property funds and certificates for private and institutional investors as well as transactions that support and complement Asset Management. These include, among other things, services in connection with fund-based asset management, the investment custody business and activities in the Capital Markets and Financing business divisions. 

Cost/income ratio (CIR)

The CIR is a productivity indicator, providing information about the amount that has to be spent in order to earn €1 in profit. In the Deka Group, this indictor is calculated from the ratio of total expenses (excluding restructuring expenses) to total income (before provisions for loan losses) in the financial year. 

D18 transformation programme

The D18 transformation programme combines all key strategic measures for further developing the Bank’s role as the Wertpapierhaus. Spanning several years, the programme essentially focuses on providing the savings banks with the best possible support in their securities-related retail business and asset/liability management. It is based on a comprehensive, advice-driven sales approach and solution-oriented investment strategies. 

Economic result

As a key management and performance indicator, together with economic risk, the economic result forms the basis for risk/return management in the Deka Group and is, in principle, determined in accordance with accounting and measurement policies of IFRS. As well as net income before tax, the economic result also includes changes in the revaluation reserve before tax as well as the interest rate and currency related valuation result from original lending and issuance business. The interest expense in respect of AT1 bonds (Additional Tier 1 capital), which is recognised directly in equity, is also included in the economic result. Furthermore, the economic result takes into account potential future charges that are considered possible in the future but that are not yet permitted to be recognised under IFRS due to the fact that accurate details are not yet available. The economic result is therefore a control variable on an accrual basis whose high level of transparency enables recipients of the external financial reporting to consider the company from the management perspective.

Fully loaded

Capital ratio calculated by applying the set of regulations stipulated in the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR) and Capital Requirements Directive IV (CRD IV) in full, i.e. without taking account of the applicable transitional provisions.

Fund assets (according to BVI)

Fund assets according to BVI comprise the fund assets of the mutual and special funds and asset management funds as well as the master fund. Direct investments in co-operation partner funds, the proportion of products for fund-based asset management attributable to cooperation partners, third party funds and liquidity as well as the advisory/management and asset management mandates are not included. 

Net funds inflow (according to BVI)

Difference between the funds inflow from the sale of units and the outflow from the redemption of units. Unlike net sales, this figure does not include the funds of cooperation partners or advisory/management and asset management mandates. However, the net sales from own investments are taken into account in the net funds inflow. 

Net sales

Performance indicator of sales success. This results essentially from the total of direct sales of mutual and special funds, fund-based asset management and the funds of co-operation partners, as well as master funds, advisory/management mandates and ETFs. Sales generated through own investments are not taken into account.

Non-core business

Positions from credit and capital market business that are not suitable for Asset Management or to release synergies with Asset Management constitute non-core business. At the Deka Group, these positions have been separated internally. They are reported separately from core business and reduced while safeguarding assets at the same time.

Payments to the alliance partners

Payments made by the Deka Group to the savings banks and Landesbanken. These include the transfer of the front-end load from the sale of funds as well as the corresponding sales performance compensation, asset management fee and sales commission. 

Primary/institutional customers

The Deka Group’s primary customers are the German savings banks and their customers. The products sought by primary customers are also offered to other institutional customers. These include in particular insurance companies, pension funds and foundations but also German publicsector institutions.

Return on equity (RoE)

The RoE reflects the payment of interest on capital provided by shareholders. The Deka Group calculates this ratio as the economic result divided by equity at the start of the year, including atypical silent capital contributions.

Revaluation reserves

Revaluation reserves are a component of IFRS equity on the balance sheet. They include revaluations of net liabilities arising from defined benefit obligations (actuarial gains and losses), the effects of fair value measurement on financial instruments in the available for sale category – through other comprehensive income – and the effective portion of the change in fair value of hedging instruments arising from cash flow hedges, taking into account deferred taxes associated with these items.

Risk cover potential

Following the liquidation approach, the risk cover potential (total risk-bearing capacity) essentially consists of equity under IFRS, income components and positions of a hybrid capital nature (subordinated capital), adjusted using amounts to correct for certain capital components such as intangible assets or risks arising from pension obligations. It serves to guarantee the Bank’s risk-bearing capacity. On this basis, explicit capital buffers are defined for potential stress situations, for example, which in total form the secondary risk cover potential. The primary risk cover potential equates to the total risk-bearing capacity minus the secondary risk cover potential.

Risk-bearing capacity

As a basic principle, risk-bearing capacity is used to determine the maximum level of risk that can be incurred (impacting the income statement), taking into account risk concentrations. The corresponding utilisation ratios for total risk-bearing capacity, the primary risk cover potential and the allocated risk capital may not exceed 100%.

Risk-weighted assets

The following positions in the banking book are considered to be risk assets or involve default risks: Balance sheet assets, off-balance sheet transactions, swaps, futures and options. They must be recognised at the amount specified under the respective assessment basis and weighted using their creditworthiness weightings (= risk-weighted assets). Counterparty risks pursuant to the German Solvency Regulation (SolvV) also include counterparty risks from the trading book and, following initial application of the CRR, CVA risk.

Scenario analysis

A scenario analysis focuses on the material risks identified during the self-assessment and uses tree diagrams to provide a detailed description and analysis. In particular, risk indicators need to be taken into account, which facilitate the derivation of ideas for the active management of operational risks.

Total customer assets

Total customer assets essentially comprise the income-relevant volume of mutual and special fund products (including ETFs) in the Securities and Real Estate business divisions, direct investments in cooperation partner funds, the portion of fund-based asset management attributable to cooperation partners, third party funds and liquidity, certificates, advisory/management mandates and third party managed master funds.


DekaBank is the Provider of Asset Management and Capital Market Solutions in the German Savings Banks Finance Group. Together with its subsidiaries it forms the Deka Group. In this capacity, the Deka Group offers the combined expertise of asset manager, financier, issuer, structurer, liquidity platform, clearing partner and custodian bank.